Postmillennialism sees Christ coming to set up his kingdom after the millennium when man has adequately prepared the world through faithful preaching of the gospel message as the church is empowered by the Holy Spirit.

The strongest postmillennial influence in America today comes from the Chalcedon Foundation, founded in 1965 by Rousas J. Rushdoony. Rushdoony published his first book, By What Standard? in 1959 and was instrumental in the development of the homeschool movement during the 1960s. In general, Rushdoony’s vision was for the reconstruction of society based on Christian principles. In Rushdoony’s book Institutes, he argues that Old Testament law should be applied to modern society and supported the reinstatement of the Mosaic law’s penal sanctions. Under such a system, the list of civil crimes which carried a death sentence would include homosexuality, adultery, incest, lying about one’s virginity, bestiality, witchcraft, idolatry or apostasy, public blasphemy, false prophesying, kidnapping, rape, and bearing false witness in a capital case.

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